The government received a World Bank fund to carry out a project named Dam Rehabilitation and Safety Improvement (DRSIP) which aims to support the implementation of the scheme: Ensure the safety of the reservoirs through rehabilitation and upgrading priority dams, strengthening the management capacity and dam safety operation to protect downstream communities and socio-economic infrastructures. The project was implemented in 34 provinces including: Ha Giang, Yen Bai, Tuyen Quang, Bac Kan, Lao Cai, Thai Nguyen, Lang Son, Son La, Hoa Binh, Vinh Phuc, Phu Tho, Bac Giang, Quang Ninh, Hai Duong, Ninh Binh, Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Thua Thien Hue, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh, Phu Yen, Khanh Hoa, Ninh Thuan, Binh Thuan, Kon Tum, Gia Lai, Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Lam Dong and Tay Ninh.
The project was defined based on the understanding the importance of water resources development in response to natural disaster and climate change, continued investments have been made by the Government of Vietnam not only in irrigation constructions but also in dams, reservoirs networks throughout the country. Many dams and reservoirs have been built since 1960s and 1980s with limited engineering surveys and investigation, inadequate designs, and poor quality construction. This together with improper operation and maintenance has been assessed as the main cause for deterioration and degradation in many dams and reservoirs which safety has become much lower than the international standards, causing significant risks to safety of human life and economic activities.
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) is representative unit of the Government of Vietnam responsible for the entire project. CPO will be on behalf of MARD to operate and manage the project. CPO will establish a Central Project Management Unit (CPMU) in order to undertake the management, support and coordination of project implementation between WB, participating provinces and MARD functional units. Provincial People’s Committees will be responsible for implementing the project in their respective provinces. Provincial Project Management Units (PPMUs) will be established by the PPC and will be responsible for implementing all procurement, construction supervision, and implementation of safety policies.
2. The project‘s Objective:
Support the implementation of the Scheme for the safety of Reservoirs through rehabilitation and upgrading of priority dams, strengthening the management capacity and safe operation of the dam to protect downstream communities and specific socio-economic infrastructures.
– Improve and ensure the construction safety through repairing and upgrading dams and reservoirs which are reduced or lack of flood discharge ability.
– Improve institutions, policies for the management and monitoring of national dam safety, enhance capacity building and operation and information coordination mechanisms in basins.
– Enhance project management capacity and implementation, social and environmental management.
3. Project’s Components:
In order to ensure the best efficiency, the project is designed with three components with the following support and alignment:
Component 1: Dam safety rehabilitation – About 450 irrigation dams which capacity is larger than 0.2 million m3, design level from IV to special level (such as Dau Tieng reservoir) will be prioritized for rehabilitation. The component consists of structural measures, equipment and reservoir operation monitoring these activities will support to improve safety of structures and downstream areas. Large dams will be supported in EPP, O&M plans establishment, to enhance the investment sustainability of the investment. In addition, the component supports the establishment safeguard policies including Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA)/or Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP), Resettlement Action Plan (RAP), Ethnic Minority Development Plan (EMDP) in order to minimize negative impacts that may occur during the project implementation.
Component 2: Dam safety management and Planning – The component will support the implementation of non-structural measures, finalization of legal framework, improvement of policies, and establishment of sanctions for strengthening the overall implementation. Database management will effectively support management levels in monitoring the operation of reservoirs (especially in flood season), timely decision-making. Information-sharing mechanism will assist coordination of flood discharge in the basin, reducing the risks to dams and flooding in downstream areas, gradually synchronizing and unifying information and cost saving. It also includes supports in term of regulations, standards, norms, application of construction technology, materials …, not only for reducing costs and construction time for the project, but also for providing the capacity for more than 700 dams under the National Dam Safety Program. The component intends to support models for 1 to 2 river basins in which dam safety management shall be undertaken in combination with disaster management through implementation of institutional regulations and policies, installation of hydro-meteorological equipment and information monitoring system, information sharing mechanism between various authorities and dam owners and the basin-wide inter-reservoir operation coordination. The Component shall develop participatory reservoir management model with appropriate financial mechanisms towards investment sustainability. The component also provides supports in term of supervision and technical assistance for the project executing agency, project management agency and the dam safety panel of experts following the request of the donor.
Component 3: Project management support – The component provides financial assistance for the project management, audit (independent audit and audit of financial statements), and technical supports for project implementation. There are 4 provinces that have not participated in any ODA projects, 13 provinces are performing for the first time and 17 provinces (50%) have implemented ODA projects, so the component will dedicate a part of its a budget for capacity strengthening for project management agencies through training, workshops and visits.
4. Project components description:
Component 1: Dam safety rehabilitation
This component is implemented through MARD and other provinces with the aim of improving the dam safety through physical rehabilitation of existing infrastructure. The activities include: (i) Detailed engineering design, safeguards policies documents, supervision and quality control of rehabilitation works and associated safeguards compliance for priorizied dams and associated infrastructure; (ii) Rehabilitation works, including civil works, hydro-mechanical works, hydrological installation and safety monitoring equipment and devides; (iii) Preparation of operation and maintenance plans and emergency preparedness plans; and (iv) Flood discharge assessments for large dams to confirm the adequacy of flood spillway discharge capacity. Financing under this component will be used for consulting services, works, goods, non-consulting services.
The project uses a framework for screening to propose a list of dams in the priority order. The list of the dams under this component will be updated, reviewed and assessed its risk annually.
MARD will select the dams prioritized to be invested under project by using the screening framework applied to the dams under the dam safety program. Dams will be prioritized and selected based on both technical and economic criteria. Consequently, each sub-project, in addition to assessment of risks, should carefully prepare the economic and financial analysis for sub-projects when preparing the Feasibility Study.
Component 2: Dam safety management and Planning
This component will be implemented by MARD, MoIT and the MoNRE with the aim of improving the planning and operational framework fordam safety management to safeguardthe downstream communities and Socio-economic infrastructure. The three sub-components supporting each other are involving all three participating ministries including: (i) technical services and strategic studies; (ii) Institutional, legal and regulatory improments, and (iii) capacity enhancement and professional development. Financing under this component will be used for consulting services, works and goods, equipments and non-consulting services.
The activities at the Ministry of Industry and Trade include: (i) build a reservoir database and tools to support the management and monitor the hydropower dam safety; (ii) build a guideline for the hydropower dam safety methodology and pilot an evaluation for some typical types of dams with internationally – accepted safety indicators; (iii) Develop legal and institutional standards norms and regulations for hydropower dams; (iv) Provide technical assistance to support for project’s activities implemented by MoIT, and (v) Improve monitoring capacity of the MoIT safety management department.
The activities at the MoNRE include: (i) Install and rehabilitate the hydro-meteorological stations of the Vu Gia-Thu Bon river and Ca river basins; (ii) provide equipments for operation of cascade dams in, and for disaster forecasting and early warning forthe Vu Gia-Thu Bon river and Ca river basins; (iii) Build an information database to monitor the dam operation; and (iv) Provide technical assistance to support for project activities implemented by MoNRE; and (v) Improve the MoNRE capacity to monitor the inter-reservoir operation implementation.
The activities at MARD include: (i) Support to build adam/reservoir database; (ii) Develop legal, institutional and financial models for sustainable dam safety management; (iii) Develop the repairing and maintenance for small dam manuals; (iv) Develop a standardized operational procedures for small community-managed for each region of the country; (v) Provide technical assistance to support for project activities implemented by MARD; (vi) training, capacity building, information dissemination and awareness activities on dam safety; (vii) Build, amend and supplement standards, regulations and norms in service of repairing and upgrading irrigation dams; and (viii) monitor, evaluate and build capacity within MARD.
Component 3: Project management support
This component will provide the necessary environment to support the project implementation which include: (i) The High Level Working Group (HLWG) composed of MARD, MoIT and MoNRE along with other relevant Government agencies to coordinate and oversee all project activities; (ii) Support to improve the capacity of the PPMUs to implement timely and effectively, including monitoring and evaluation, procurement, financial management, safeguards monitoring; (iii) a Project Implementation Consultant ; (iv) an International Panel of Experts (PoE); (v) a National dam safety review Panel; and (vi) a Third party independent supervision and internal audit Consultant. Budget for this component will be used for consulting services, goods, equipments, non-consulting services and incremental operating costs associated with project implementation, management and monitoring.